Using bottom trawling to survey benthic debris in Icelandic waters

On Friday May 14 at 9:00, Mathis Blache defends his master´s thesis in Coastal and Marine Management at the University Centre of the Westfjords. The thesis presentation is open to the public with a limited number of audience due to COVID-19 restrictions. The presentation will also be accessible on Zoom.

The thesis is titled, “Way down we go: Using bottom trawling to survey benthic debris in Icelandic waters.”

The thesis advisor is Georg Haney, MSc, Environmental Scientist a the Marine and Freshwater Research Institute, Iceland. The external reader is Dr. Thomas Maes, Seanior Researcher at Grid-Arendal, Norway.

Abstract

In 2011, the UN Environment Program defined marine litter, with a particular emphasis on plastic debris, as a major global concern and threat to life in the oceans worldwide. Over the last few years, the number of studies reporting accumulations of marine debris on the seafloor has increased substantially, suggesting that the benthic environment could be a major sink for items discarded both at sea and on land. However, only a handful of studies have investigated marine litter distribution in the Arctic environment. They showed that the presence of debris is widespread across all habitat types, although the abundance varies strongly depending on the type of debris, the locations and the processes acting on them. Therefore, our understanding of the sources, path and fate of marine debris in the Arctic remains limited. This study provides the first large scale benthic debris survey within the Icelandic EEZ and tries to assess the potential to use bottom trawling as a sampling method for marine litter. Data were collected using benthic trawling during the annual standardized fish stock monitoring conducted by Hafrannsóknastofnun in 2019 and 2020. Results showed that benthic debris is ubiquitous on the Icelandic continental shelf, with most items made of plastic and originating from the fishing industry. Background benthic litter abundance found ranged from 0.35 ± 0.04 (SEM) to 86.83 ± 25.06 (SEM) items/km² among surveys. However, the sampling methods were demonstrated to be flawed and to underestimate the amount of debris, and differences in the fishing gear design were shown to strongly influence the results. Ultimately, spatial variations were detected and potential paths for transport of marine debris in Icelandic waters were discussed.

Upcoming

Mathis Blache defends his masters thesis in Coastal and Marine Management.
Mathis Blache defends his masters thesis in Coastal and Marine Management.