Innovation and Sustainability in Aquaculture

CMM12 Elective course 4 ECTS
Period W11 - W13  09.03.15 - 27.03.15
Instructor Peter Krost


This course focuses on the interactions that take place between aquaculture and the environment by looking into the principles and concepts relevant to the ecology of aquaculture. Different aquaculture systems and production methods will be examined. The major theme will be environmental aspects of aquaculture, such as feed-stuff problems, alternative fish feed ingredients and IMTA approaches.

Learning outcomes

At the end of the course, students will be able to:

  • understand different aquaculture systems, production methods, breeding programs, as well as the common constrains involved in farming fish at different levels;
  • describe the components and processes of aquaculture systems that interact with the environment;
  • outline main regulations and typical environmental monitoring schemes


[Based on assessment for 2013-14]

1. Class Participation:
 Students will receive an assessment of their participation in classroom by asking questions, engaging in discussions and stimulating debates.

Purpose: To show engagement in the course and demonstrate the ability to clearly articulate thoughts and observations on themes covered in the course.


2. Presentation of aquaculture species: Students will be required to present the biology and aquaculture methods of one species. This will require reading and a powerpoint presentation of approx. 10 Min. plus approx . 5 min of questions in front of the class.

Purpose: To encourage the student to present results, and to stay engaged in the course.


3. Paper presentation: Each student will read a scientific paper on relevant topics of the course, followed by an open discussion. This activity will require reading and understanding the content of the paper and will practice the ability to judge the quality and significance of the paper. Purpose: To practice students presentation abilities and to encourage the students to immerse themselves in scientific approaches.


4. Role play game: In the context of public perception of aquaculture and decision making in the political and administrative context we will do a role play game on starting an aquaculture facility. Purpose: To involve the students in aspects regarding the role of aquaculture in the context of coastal zone management and environmental considerations.

5. Final Exam: An individual interview with the course participants will be performed. Key aspects from different topics will be discussed. Purpose: To evaluate the learning success of the students.




Class participation


Species Presentation


Paper presentation


Role Play


Final exam







Peter Krost graduated in 1986 with a Diploma (master's) in biology from the University of Kiel, Germany. In 1990 he finished his PhD in marine ecology at the Institute for Marine Science (IfM, today Geomar) in Kiel, with a thesis on the impact of bottom fisheries on seafloor geochemistry and benthos in the Western Baltic. From 1990 to 1992, he was a postdoctoral fellow at the National Center for Mariculture in Eilat, Israel, studying environmental effects of fish farms on sediment and water quality in the Gulf of Aqaba. From 1992 to 1994, Peter Krost was researcher at IfM in Kiel again, and worked on the influence of sediment dredging and dredged material disposal on sediment biology and geochemistry.

In 1995, Peter Krost started, together with Christian Koch and Levent Piker, the company CRM, Coastal Research and Management; a company devoted to sustainable coastal development focusing on environmental impact assessments, sustainable aquaculture, and on the extraction of active substances from the sea. CRM started an algae farm in 1998 and has been running a mussel farm since 2010. Currently, Peter is heading the environmental impact study group, as well as of the aquaculture department.

Guest lecturer

Further reading

Readings and further readings will be posted on the course website on UW intranet.